|The Slyder's house as it appeared in 1935. Photo courtesy of the Library of Congress.|
John Slyder did not share this experience when he returned to his home on July 5th, 1863. Instead, he found a scene of destruction that is difficult to imagine today. We can learn about his experience through reading the damage claim he submitted to the federal government. This is what the record states:
John's claim included the following:On the fifth day of July after the battle he returned to his House and found it filled of Union soldiers, that his bedding had been taken for wounded men and torn to pieces for bandages and his premises and utensils had been used by the soldiers and broken and carried away in the forgoing bill as mentioned – that his cattle had been killed and preparations made for disposing of two of them and the third cow was wounded so that he was obliged to kill her. That his property was of the value in the foregoing bill set down and that he has received no compensation for the same.
3 head of cattle - $50.00
2 boxes bees and honey - 7.00
16 pieces ham and bacon - $20.00
7 crocks of lard - $7.00
1 saw, axe and Mattock - $5.00
1 lot saddler and shoemaker tools - $5.00
buggy, cushions and shafts - $10.00
10 quilts and comforts - $25.00
2 rifles broken - $15.00
2 overcoats and other clothing - $20.00
1 barrel flour - $8.00
1 bag salt - $2.00
200 feet boards - $5.00
1 copper kettle - $3.00
destroyed bedding and carpeting - $20.00
looking glass and other furniture - $38.00
The total sum added up to $240 in damages to his personal property. Considering that three years earlier the Census valued John's personal property at $800, this represented a significant loss. Even so, it could have been worse - and for many of Slyder's neighbors it was.
Sometimes when I tour the battlefield I find it all too easy to get wrapped up in tactics, strategy, and stories of courage. While these remain a central part of the story of the battle, we must also remember that the suffering and loss went beyond those who fought on the battlefield. It included those who lived there.